Sunday, May 17, 2020
Development of Risk Analytics in the future 14 Thursday, Apr 2016, posted by Danni Guo (Team N) Risk analysis has played an increasingly important role in both academic and business worlds. In the previous three blogs, we have discussed the definition and significance of risk analysis, the organizations and users who benefit from risk analysis, and the cutting edge technologies and limitations of risk management. In this blog, we ll look forward to the future of risk analysis to explore both its advanced application and upcoming challenges. THE DEVELOPMENT PHASES OF RISK ANALYTICS Ã¢â¬ ¢ Risk Identification and Evaluation Phase (1995 Ã¢â¬â 2000) The field of risk analytics originated from around 1995. And in this first phase, the goal of risk analytics was to identify and evaluate the risk. It focused on three problems. What risks have happened? When did they happen? What was the negative effect of them? Due to lack of advanced and complex techniques, people just can identify the risk after it happens and make risk analysis according to the negative results using simple data visualization and data mining knowledge. The risk analysis in this phase has three main parts: 1. Risk identification: Identify the risk which has happened and definite it 2. Loss Analysis: Analyze the loss of the victims due to this risk 3. Risk Alerts: Alert people to avoid the risk Ã¢â¬ ¢ Risk Causal Analysis and Modeling Phase (2001- 2010)  With the development of computer science and data miningShow MoreRelatedThe Three Levels Of Analytics, Descriptive, Predictive, And Prescriptive1707 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageslevels of Analytics (Descriptive, Predictive, and Prescriptive). Give a brief example of how they might be used to solve business decisions. Descriptive: Descriptive Analytics, probably the most common type of analytics, is the process of describing and evaluating the historical data and recognizing patterns from samples. It serves as a foundation for more advanced analytics. An example of Descriptive Analytics would be discovering and reporting trends. Predictive: Predictive analytics uses dataRead MoreStrategic Decision Making For Nigerian Companies763 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageson the incentives that stimulates me to pursue further studying and reflect the motives for my choice of an institute, scholarship as well as state my future career objectives. I have chosen to work in the area of Quantitative Economics, Data Analytics Risk Assurance, because it has such a demand for new ideas and perspectives. At the same time, it requires a good mathematical background with obvious implications in real life. A research into the main causes of poverty and its reduction among educatedRead MorePlanning, Scheduling, Budgeting, and Risk Management for Desire2Learn Learning Management System1154 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPlanning, Scheduling, Budgeting and Risk Management for the Desire2Learn (D2L) Learning Management System Overview Translating the many project requirements, risks and costs into a single cohesive platform to manage the implementation of the Desire2Learn (D2L) learning management system is the intent of this analysis. One of the most critical success factors of any project plan is the balancing of risk, costs and time constraints to ensure the overarching project is completed on or before scheduleRead MoreWhat Is Data Analytics The Future Of Audit Engagements1629 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesData Analytics the future of Audit Engagements Data analytics, according to the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board (IAASB), is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the science and art of discovering and analyzing patterns, deviations and inconsistencies, and extracting other useful information in the data underlying or related to the subject matter of an audit through analysis, modelling and visualization for the purpose of planning and performing the auditÃ¢â¬ (Alawadhi et al., 2015). Under this definitionRead MoreAnalysis On The Digital Age Insurance1549 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesProfitability. The Biggest challenge the Insurance companies face begins when they begin extracting meaningful insights from this explosion of data. Determining how to take advantage of all this data to price better, expand markets and improve underwriting risk and handing claims. Fortunately, the science of extracting insight from data is constantly evolving. Regardless of how much data you have, one of the best ways to discern important relationships is through data visualization. Data visualization, whereRead MoreApplying the Five Forces to Information Technologies1618 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesis pervasively used in the analysis of companies and entire industries, and is shown in Figure 1. This framework can also be used for analyzing the factors that may most put an organization at risk from an IT perspective relative to those factors which will support its attainment of strategic objectives and IT goals. This analysis will begin with an overview of five specific areas where IT represents a risk to a companys competitive advantage, followed by an analysis of five specific areas whereRead MoreInstalling A Sophisticated Cyber Defense System1255 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSUMMARY This paper explains the need of a sophisticated Cyber Defense system in organizations and Government agencies and how this can be achieved by using Cyber Analytics. INTRODUCTION TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Cyber DomainÃ¢â¬ is growing rapidly to keep pace in an ever more competitive world. Businesses are adopting new ways of doing Business due to the increasing dependency on networked communication devices, network access points and cloud-based services. Building a sophisticated Computer Network Defense (CND)Read MorePrescriptive Analytics : Descriptive Analytics1262 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Prescriptive Analytics Prescriptive Analytics has been hailed as the final piece of the business analytics (BA) puzzle. It starts with descriptive analytics - describing what HAS happened and why; next is predictive analytics - forecasting what MIGHT happen; Prescriptive Analytics aims to offer insight into what ACTIONS to take next, suggesting the best course of action among available choices. If your organization has yet to formulate a plan to utilize Prescriptive Analytics in your businessRead MoreThe Positive and Negative Impacts of Technologies on Enterprises1712 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand often unforeseen change. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate and describe five specific areas where IT represents a significant risk to a companys competitive advantage. Second, this analysis concentrates on the five specific areas in an enterprise where IT can support and strengthen enterprises core competitive advantages. Third, one of the five major risks faced by a company is evaluated in terms of how it could be mitigated to reduce risk and deliver significant value to the enterpriseRead MoreA Research Study On Analytics964 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesis used to meet requirements for reporting and not to answer questions or to be used in strategic planning. A 2012 study of analytics in 336 higher education institutions found that, despite the large amounts of data, the use of t he data collected is greatly used for meeting report requirements (Bichsel, 2012). Analytics is defined as the measurement, collection, analysis and reporting of data about learners and their behaviors and characteristics. This information is collected for purposes of
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Self-Reflection Paper about CBT and ACT The late 1960s through the 1990s represented a second generation of behavior therapy and it is called Cognitive Behavior Therapy. It is born from the view that the history of behavior therapy, in which cognitive factors assumed greater importance in both therapy and practice. The central idea is that psychological disorders involve dysfunctional thinking and modifying dysfunctional thinking is linked to improvement in symptoms. Since the 1990s, acceptance-based models of CBT such as acceptance and commitment therapy and dialectical behavior therapy came into prominence. These approaches are represented as a third generation of CBT. Because, they argued that they distinguish them from earlierÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The therapist can focus on the dysfunctional cognitions, can encourage her to reexamine and correct cognitions about her relationships. So, her emotional distress can be modified. ACT criticizes CBT about changing the cognitions, but a maladaptive cognition cannot be accepted. A client with major depressive disorder who does not keep in touch the real life or does not go out the bed cannot be accepted. Furthermore, ACT literature criticizes CBT that the link between cognitive therapy and basic cognitive science is weak. However, there is a directly link between cognitive therapy and science. Extinction learning is highly related with exposure therapies for anxiety disorders. With the help of extinction learning in animals, in exposure therapies clientsÃ¢â¬â¢ symptoms and the relapse rate are reduced. With the exposure therapies, CBT can send the reverse messages to brain and can makes behavioral changes. So it may help the client to find new pathways. Later, it focuses on automatic thoughts and dysfunctional beliefs. For a client with severe OCD who has no cognition, exposure by touching the sink can be helpful. He/she realize that it can be acceptable anxiety. On the other hand, ACT is also effective in anxiety. They claim that control is the problem not the solution. Instead of avoiding the anxiety, they focus on accepting anxiety and teach the client live withShow MoreRelated Theoretical Orientation Reflection Paper Natasha Cartwright1686 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTheoretical Orientation Reflection Paper Natasha Cartwright Senior Seminar February 8, 2017 Dr. Hill Theoretical Orientation Reflection Paper Introduction In the field of social work it is essential to be aware of theoretical approaches to incorporate into the work and realize which one fits more effectively with your different perspectives of life. With a better understanding of who you are, it becomes more easier to figure out your best way of counseling; figuring out which theories you find leastRead MoreRacism1204 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrelated this reading to the work I do in my field practicum as it relates to the cognitive and moral development of human beings and human behaviors. As you already know, I work for Stella Maris, a drug and alcohol treatment facility. We talk a lot about cognitive development and the concerns we have with our clients as it relates to their disease of addiction. W e need to know what changes in intellectual abilities, mental activities, and behaviors through which knowledge of the world is attained.Read MoreObsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd )905 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmy paper on Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) in children. OCD is a type of anxiety disorder where people feel the need to check things repeatedly. Kids with OCD become preoccupied with whether something could be harmful, dangerous, wrong, or dirty Ã¢â¬â or with thoughts that unpleasant stuff could happen. It can cause severe anxiety in those affected. Kids with OCD also might worry about things not being in order or just right. They may worry about losingRead MoreMindfulness : The Practice Of Mindfulness1556 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe last 30 years (Bishop et al., 2004; Shapiro, Carlson, Astin, Freedman, 2006; Baer, 2003). Though the concept of mindfulness is difficult to operationalize, the most agreed upon definition is comprised of two primary components. The first is the self-regulation of attention, which allows an increased recognition of mental events in the present moment. The second component concerns an orientation towards oneÃ¢â¬â¢s experience, characterized by curiosity, openness, and acceptance (Bishop et al., 2004)Read MoreA Comparison of the Emotion-Focused and Cognitive Behavioral Theories of Anger and Its Treatment.3238 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesproblem that our society facing today. This paper discusses the efficacy of the Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and the Emotion-focused therapy (EFT) for treating patient with anger problems and compared therapistsÃ¢â¬â¢ view on emotion which how they see emotion as the prime mover in human experience in different ways respectively. Besides, the development, overview and the similarities of CBT EFT has been critically compared and discussed in this essay. CBT and EFT conceptualize emotional problemsRead MoreMy Current Therapy Practicum At Hartgro ve Hospital3718 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesprofessional discrepancies between the theory of CBT and how I conceptualize clients and my role as a therapist. The hospital emphasizes the teaching of coping skills, which in line with CBT has the client learning new ways of handling their emotions. While I agree that teaching coping skills, cognitive restructuring, etc. are important for many clients, I have consistently felt like something was missing. I have been exposed to Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) briefly in the past during my classesRead MoreCognitive-Behavioral Therapy and the Model of Human Occupation.3597 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesdysfunction which may be expressed in the presence of stress. Factors such as family structure, work environment, and culture can contribute to positive or negative experiences from which an individual learns. There is an innate drive within humans for self-efficacy; the ultimate goal is to master ones environment. A persons values, beliefs, and goals determine the behaviors one engages in to accomplish the ultimate goal of environmental mastery. These values, beliefs, and goals are developed throughRead MorePersonal Experiences and Their Impact on Counseling: A Reflection2092 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesReflection paper: Personal experiences and their impact upon counseling Part 1 As is true of most people, it is difficult for me to apply a Freudian lens to my experiences growing up simply because I do not remember that far back in my life. According to Freud, every family experiences what he calls the family romance of the Oedipus complex or the Electra complex. The young infant desires his or her mother and resents and wants to supplant the father in the mothers affections. The boy resolvesRead MoreIndividual Counseling Theories and Approaches Essay2697 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pages Individual Counseling Theories are varied. In this paper we will examine three of the most prominent counseling theories, their concepts, techniques, strengths and limitations. We will begin with the Adlerian Theory first followed by Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. At the end we will finish with Solution Focused Brief Theory. All three theories have their strengths and limitations but can be and usually are combined or used together to some extent to better serve the client. One theory mightRead MoreTransdiagnostic Cbt5615 Words Ã |Ã 23 PagesInterventions Ã¢â¬â WHM-M-030 Introduction The purpose of the paper is to discuss the current theory and empirical literature for using a transdiagnostic approach in cognitive behaviour therapy and itÃ¢â¬â¢s relevance in current practice. I will discuss the theory and evidence for using a transdiagnostic approach and highlight the main processes. A discussion on the strengths and limitations of the approach will conclude the first part of the paper. The second part will be a review of personal clinical work
Androgyny Shakespeares Female Characters Essay Throughout Mans history, women have always been at a disadvantage socially, economically, and politically. Shakespeare realized this and sought to bring the controversy that comes with Androgynous issuesto life. Through strong female characters and the implications of disguises, Shakespeare exposes gender issues. Many critics believe Shakespeare poorly represents women in his plays through intentional exploiting of women with his boy-girl-boy disguises. When in fact, I see Shakespeare as exploiting how women were/are treated through that very use of disguises and the strength he gives his female characters, especially that of Portia Merchant of Venice and Viola Twelfth nightis representative of his personal admiration of intelligent, strong women. It is also important to mention that the idea of a transsexual theme did not exist during Shakespeares time, as in the same sense that one would have now. Men playing the part of womenplaying the part of men was simply accepted by the audie nce. Shakespeare was able to use this acceptance as an opportunity to give female characters strong and important roles. Portia is so strong of a character, she would have been considered a devil woman in the eyes of her peershumor for the boy-girl-boy disguise for the audience of the time. Yet, Shakespeares portrayal of Portia and Viola, is heroic in todays terms. By the mid-eighteen hundreds, Shakespeares female characters were starting to be analyzed. Shakespeare was over two hundred years ahead of his time on gender issues. Although Shakespeare also used feminine men to illustrate the characteristics given to men were also confined to certain social critique, he focused more on the roles women played, or were not socially nor by way of law allowed to play, during his time. Through the will, strength, virtues, and intelligent mind of Portia to the will, sweetness and deep need for survival of Viola, Shakespeare embraces Androgyny and exposes his own feminine side for future generations to analyze and feminists to explore. Robert Kimbrough, in his 1982 essay: Androgyny Seen Through Shakespeares Disguise, provides several definitions of Androgyny. The definition most fitting to the contemporary time is, Androgyny is the capacity of a single person of either sex to embody the full range of human character traits, despite cultural attempts to render some exclusively feminine and some exclusively masculine 1. Some believe androgyny is a secular dream and unattainable, but through structural change of institutional and social organizationsit can be attained. How does Shakespeare then expose his audience to androgyny? What was his purpose for doing so? A partial answer could be that Shakespeare believed in total equality for men and women and through characters in his plays he could take on the forbidden taboos of gender crossing within his social society. Sex does not equal gender. Through Anthropology we know that every culture has their own Modal Cultural Personality definition, one for the male and one for the female. Modal Personality is static in nature and ascribes women and men certain roles. Women do womens work and men do mens work,Ã for example. This was necessary for primitive society to survive but stigmas of these role requirements linger still today. Women are still socially required to look pretty, wear make-up, smell nice, be virtuous, motherly, sisterly, feminine, show little to no masculine traits, and the all important nurturer. Shakespeare used Portia and Violas characters to liberate women from one certain set of characteristic traits by broadening their human characteristic traits through their male disguises. In a sense then, Portia and Viola are liberated from the confines of the appropriate 1. Portia and viola are both aware of the social posturing of men. Each is very careful to hide her true self. In The Merchant of Venice, Portia devises a scheme to protect her wealth, status and power she has become accustomed to love. She uses trickery to get what she wants in the end which is two gains; protection of her status, wealth and power and she ends up the heroine. Portia is careful not to reveal her intelligence to the men in the play until she has completed her tasks. An English woman during this time period would most likely not have acted the way Portia acted. Shakespeare transforms Portias character, from at first appearance, a spoiled rich womanto an intelligent, self reliant female. Social and historical context of the play EssayI prithee, and Ill pay thee bounteously, Conceal me what I am, and be my aid For such disguise as haply shall become The form of my intent. This allows Viola to discover herself on a deeper level. Kimbrough presents Violas self-discovery as more proof of androgyny. Speaking of a specific scene in Twelfth Night, he explains that true of heart as we, means human kind causingÃ the word we to become truly androgynous 1. Viola is able to shed any trace of gender, she is neither masculine nor feminine. The entire play does revolve around the theme that identity is confusing. Shakespeare uses Festes character to present the idea that identity can be confusing. Shakespeare was telling us that the very essence of identity is in our mind. Bonos dies, Sir Toby. For, as the old hermit of Prague, that never saw pen and ink, very wittily said To a niece of King Gorboduc, That that is, is; so I, Being master Parson, am Master Parson; for what is that but that, and is but is? With Festes lines, Shakespeare not only provides his audience with comedy but he metaphorically ponders the idea of identity and gender. Androgyny was defiantly a passion of Shakespeare, as we have seen. Through his use of disguises, Shakespeare was able to present his audiencesthen and nowwith important gender issues that were obviously way ahead of their time. He was a master of double meanings and creating atmospheres that he could drive points home from within. He created strong female characters to show female stigmas of his time. Shakespeare should be considered one of the founders of feminist views. He believed in equality among the sexes. His liberation of women through disguises gives us so much insight to the atmosphere of the times regarding gender and womens roles in society. Women are still fighting these same society imposed characteristics and the only solution is to get as close to androgyny as a society without giving up our own identities. We must eliminate gender bias and focus as one whole unitits what Shakespeare wanted.
Monday, April 20, 2020
Life After Death - Robert Frost And Emily Dickinson Life After Death Robert Frost and Emily Dickinson are two Modern American Poets who consistently wrote about the theme of death. While there are some comparisons between the two poets, when it comes to death as a theme, their writing styles were quite different. Robert Frost's poem, ?Home Burial,? and Emily Dickinson's poems, ?I felt a Funeral in my Brain,? and ?I died for Beauty,? are three poems concerning death. While the theme is constant there are differences as well as similarities between the poets and their poems. The obvious comparison between the three poems is the theme of death. Both poets, in these works and many others, display a fascination with the death of themselves as well as the death of peers, and loved ones. Both Frost and Dickinson experienced a great deal of death throughout each of their lives. Frost's greatest loss was the death of his son, which is greatly depicted in his poem ?Home Burial.? Dickinson suffered the loss of many friends and family. She spent a lot of her time in her room looking out upon the headstones of these people. The only strong comparison between the poets, in terms of structure and technique, is that the meaning of their poems run much deeper then the specific words on a page. Even this can come as a contrast when looking at these three poems. ?Home Burial,? by Frost is a fairly straightforward poem, written in dialogue, with the writer working as the narrator. The poem is about a married couple dealing with the recent death of their son, who the husband had to bury in their own backyard. It is a considerably long poem, which doesn't require one to read between the lines. Where as ?I felt a Funeral in my Brain,? and ?I died for Beauty,? by Dickinson are considerably short poems, in which she seals as much as she reveals. Emily Dickinson's poetry was not that of any traditional style. She was criticized for capitalizing words in the middle of sentences, using inexact rhymes and only giving a partial understanding. She loved to use ellipses, in order to let the reader finish a thought. Many of these were actually eliminated in many of her first publications, which were never published until after her death. In the two poems, ?I felt a Funeral in my Brain,? and ?I died for Beauty? all of these characteristics are present, including her usual four line stanzas in the meter of traditional hymns. Written in first person, ?I felt a Funeral in my Brain? is about the thought of her own funeral. Imagining what is would be like in the coffin, where only the sense of sound is present. The last word of the poem is then-?, a classic example of an ellipse, where the reader is left to finish the poem on their own. ?I died for Beauty also ends with an ellipse. The poem is about two dead people, herself and another ma n, resting side by side, buried underground. Like ?Home Burial,? by Frost, this was written in dialogue with the writer as the narrator. One died for Beauty and one for truth. Although it seemed as though they died for an important cause, with time their names will be forgotten. Unlike Dickinson, Robert Frost wrote in a traditional style. ?Home Burial,? like many of his poems, was written in iambic pentameter, giving five beats per line. Using iambic pentameter gives the poem a monotone, rhythmic feel. Because the poem reads very rhythmically, the seriousness of the poem is exaggerated. This dramatically differs from the two poems by Dickinson. Emily Dickinson's poems, though just as serious, come across quite a bit lighter then ?Home Burial.? The structure of her poems gives a riddle-like effect. The difference in length between the poems changes the mood as well. In Frost's poem the thought of death is drawn out simply by the length of the poem, where as the abruptness of Dickinson's poems give a much lighter feel. Another difference between Robert Frost and Emily Dickinson's poems is the perspective taken by the poet. In ?Home Burial? there is mourning over the loss of a son.
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Sexism is Manifest in Magazines Essays Sexism is Manifest in Magazines Essay Sexism is Manifest in Magazines Essay Everyday, we face advertisements that use the sexuality of individuals to sell products.Ã Advertising degrades a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s worth in society and uses her body to sell items such as cars, jewelry, and beverages.Ã Those most often exploited are our mothers, daughters, and sisters. Beautiful women, scantily dressed give us incentive to buy products, whenever the incentive is to be with these females, or as in most cases, to be like them.Ã Because of this is exploitation, women believe they have to live up to an unachievable standard of beauty.Ã If they fail to reach these ideas, they are made to feel worthless.The ideal woman is based on flawlessness: no lines, wrinkles, blemishes, and scars-no pores.Ã She is human.Ã This look can only be achieved cosmetically, and is the only standard of beauty in our culture (Kilbourne). Ã¢â¬Å"Deep in many girls hearts lies an impossible standard-long blonde hair, long, long legs, a slim, tall body, and p erpetual youth.Ã Call it BarbieÃ¢â¬ (Winegar 1 E).Ã Dr. Lesley J. Dlugokinski, a clinical psychologist from Oklahoma City, suggests that many of the messages linking a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s value to her beauty are deeply rooted in Western Culture, beginning with ancient myths and fairtales like Ã¢â¬Å"Sleeping BeautyÃ¢â¬ (qtd. in Kinka).So much emphasis placed on appearance that a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s lovability and desirability rely on it.Ã An advertisement for a weight loss clinic reads: Ã¢â¬Å" IÃ¢â¬â¢d probably never be married now if I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t lost forty-nine poundsÃ¢â¬â¢-which one woman said was the best advertisement for fat sheÃ¢â¬â¢d ever seenÃ¢â¬ .Ã Such advertisements only reaffirm that being beautiful is a result of the products we buy, not who we are inside.Ã Physical appearance seems to define a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s worth.In most advertisements, the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s body is used as an object, and whatever her body is like, it will not do; it must change.Ã Every part of the body must be altered.Ã For many women in America, how they look often determines how they feel about themselves, impacting their self-esteem.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"The message regardingÃ¢â¬ ¦physical beauty is so pervasive that even women with wonderful talents, attributes, skills and intellect donÃ¢â¬â¢t feel those are enoughÃ¢â¬ (WinegarÃ 1-E).Ã Women are judged solely on appearance and are put into competition with each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s looks; if a woman does achieve the desire look, she loses love of other women.Ã¢â¬Å"The essential selling traits used in the portrayal of women are alluring, decorative, and traditionalÃ¢â¬ (Courtney 9).Ã The trend of using women for allurement or decoration is found mostly in advertisements for beverages and automobiles.Ã The sexual implications are more than obvious in selling a product that has nothing to do with sex.Ã These types of advertisements are found throughout mainly menÃ¢â¬â¢s magazines, selling Ã¢â¬Å"manlyÃ¢â¬ products.Advertisers subliminally integrate sexual ideas into the selling of products.Ã They realize that many times that people do not read the copy, so they use photographs to exploit sexuality in males and females in the shape of the products or the way the models are positioned.Ã An advertisement for LoveÃ¢â¬â¢s Baby Soft perfume reads: Ã¢â¬Å"Because innocence is sexier than you thinkÃ¢â¬ .Ã In the advertisement, an adult woman is presented as a child.Ã She is dressed as a little girl, but she is sitting with her legs apart, skirt slightly raised.Ã She has a visible cleavage and is sucking in a lollipop.Ã The shape of the perfume bottle is clearly phallic, and the implicit meanings in the advertisement tell women not to be mature or grown up and to stay passive, powerless, and dependent (Kilnourne).On the other hand, some advertisements, even try to cover the fact that they are bluntly using sexuality to sell their products.Ã In some advertisements, women are naked, wearing only the product for sale. The use of their bodies to sell these products, which have nothing to do with being naked, is disgusting.Ã Their sexuality is only being used to catch the eye of the consumer.Feminine things are constantly devalued, which causes women to devalue themselves and men to devalue women.Ã Women are being devalued each time an advertisement depicts a woman as an object.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Turning a human being into an object is the first step in justifying violence toward that personÃ¢â¬ (Kilbourne). Ã Men are portrayed as violent and brutal in advertisements, and their body language sends a message to tell all men to be in control, and always uses power, threat, and intimidation.Ã A billboard for a Rolling Stones album cover reads, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m black and blue from the Rolling Stones, and I Love ItÃ¢â¬ (Kilbourne).Ã Such advertisements give the implication that women love and deserve to be beaten.Ã An even more appalling advertisement for menÃ¢â¬â¢s boots headlines, Ã¢â¬Å"TreatÃ¢â¬â¢em good and theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll treat you goodÃ¢â¬ (Kilbourne).Ã It shows a woman straddling a manÃ¢â¬â¢s leg, pulling his boot off.Ã The copy read, Ã¢â¬Å"Some men treat their boots better than their women; not all together admirable, but certainly understandableÃ¢â¬ (Kilbourne).Ã Battery of women is presented as a joke.Ã People who are opposed to violent and sexist advertisement must organize to remove them, and the products they sell from our lives.Four general stereotypes of women are; Ã¢â¬Å"a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s place is in the home; women do not make important decisions or do important things; women are dependent and need a manÃ¢â¬â¢s protection; and men regard women primarily as sex objectsÃ¢â¬ (Courtney 7).Ã Even though in 1987, one third of all women in the labour force were the sole supporter of their families, advertisements like the following for Braemar sweaters ma de a joke of a woman in the work place.Ã The advertisement shows a woman in a skirt, blouse and a Braemar sweater.Ã The copy reads, Ã¢â¬Å"Phoebe chose to work, not because she had to, but because it gave her a place to wear her Braemar sweatersÃ¢â¬ (Kilbourne).Ã Such sacrum of women in the work place only destroys what has taken so long to get even to this level.Ã The womenÃ¢â¬â¢s movement is constantly being mocked and patronized in advertisements.The most prevalent problem in advertisingÃ¢â¬â¢s ideal ofÃ women is weight.Ã After seeing hundreds of advertisements featuring ultra-thin, waif-like models each day, women feel contempt, loathing, and disgust for their bodies.Ã Joan Dickerson, author of Some Thoughts onÃ Fat, claimsÃ that Ã¢â¬Å"weÃ¢â¬â¢re all supposed to strive for a long and thin ideal, but who exemplifies this ideal?Ã A man, of course; specifically a young manÃ¢â¬ Ã (Winegar 1-E).Ã Young women especially, are judging them selves based on what they see in the mirror.Ã One in five college-age women have eating disorders, and eighty to eighty-five percent of the consumers of diet programs are women.Ã The idea for women as displayed in advertisements weights twenty-five percent less than average woman (Winegar 1-E ).Since more and more womenÃ¢â¬â¢s groups protest their exploitation in advertising, a small trend toward lessening these advertisements is coming about.Ã However, because of this, men are being exploited instead.Ã An example is a television commercial for Diet Coke in which female office workers Ã¢â¬Å"gawkÃ¢â¬ out the window at a shirtless male construction worker.Ã Because it is not politically correct to use women as objectÃ¢â¬â¢s now, Ã¢â¬Å"men are the babiesÃ¢â¬ ¦itÃ¢â¬â¢s pleasing to the eye to show menÃ¢â¬â¢s pecs, since you canÃ¢â¬â¢t show womenÃ¢â¬â¢s breastÃ¢â¬ (Dunn B-6).Ã Although this does seem to be a trend, it will take time before men reach the level of exploitation that women have faced for decades.After seeing thousands of exploitive advertisements every year, we become callus to the psychological effects they have on us as consumers.Ã No oneÃ¢â¬â¢s body, male or female, deserves to be treated as an object, but should be held in high esteem and respect.Ã This respect should not be limited to those who are thin or beautiful or white or heterosexual.Ã Advertising that depicts this standard pollutes our minds and only we as consumers, by standing up against such unrealistic ideals, can stop the pollution.
Friday, February 28, 2020
Collective Bargaining - Essay Example The unionization law, therefore, differs in various economic systems. The unionization is not allowed directly but it is a method that is developed in order to exercise collective bargaining and in its objective forming unions is a legal act (Katz, 1993). The formation of a union is only acceptable in private sector but it is treated as a capital crime in governmental offices and armed forces. In case of armed forces, the culprits of unionization are thrown into jail and upon completion of their sentence, they are court-martialed. The formation of a union is the last thing a soldier will think about before leaving his or her job. Additionally, armed forces argue that they are operating for saving their nationsÃ¢â¬â¢ sovereignty and pride and therefore, they should not indulge in providing ideal work environment for the soldiers while they have to live in tough environment during the war so they must be trained in terms of making the most of even the worst kind of work climate. The practices of collective bargaining and unionization are known to emerge at the end of the great depression when people were forced to work in the extremities of inhumane environments. With the passage of time, the workers started to raise voices about their work environment and finally, legal courts initiated to respond to their needs and companies had to offer their employees a safe and sound environment to work in. the stream of change in this regard because the beacon of moment shifted towards improving the quality of supervisory behaviors as time passed. The legal pressures caused the companies to adopt modern philosophies of management such as delegation of authority and participative management. The Japanese taught the world that bureaucracy is an inefficient way of managing the organizations because it wastes too much time in decision making and they presented the concept of self-managed teams which scanned the environment so that they can develop strategies in order to cope with the current challenges of the business.
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Journal Entry #1 - Essay Example This being said, there is one aspect of culture that is particularly contentious even in our multicultural setting, and that is religion. This should not be surprising, since even within a single culture the topic of religion is a sensitive one. There was a time when the American forefathers did not find any unusual issue with the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"In God We TrustÃ¢â¬ so as to embellish it in the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s currency. Recently, however, even the invocation of God in inter-denominational prayer and the singing of Christmas carols in public places have come under attack Ã¢â¬â because it seems that the disbelief in God itself has become a religion to be respected. Religion is so ingrained in the very core of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs and aspirations that an attack upon it is taken as an affront against the Supreme Being (or non-being, in the case of atheists) that demands defense and, at times, militant vindication. The workplace is a particularly delicate place to have problems of religious intolerance. This is because we most likely spend more time at work than at home Ã¢â¬â at least the greater part of our waking hours. Work demands of us our skills, concentration, creativity, and dedication to the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s goal, which is why any irritant to disturb the peace in the workplace will tend to be counterproductive for both the individual and the firm. The situation becomes complicated when individuals in the workplace would be followers of mainstream or radical religious teachings which draw an opposition to other religions, the followers of which may be their co-workers in the firm. Or, it may also be that actions that appear perfunctory to some may, without their knowledge, be offensive to others or denigrate what they conceive to be sacred and holy. Furthermore, the fact that religious teachings have been imparted by the family to the individual at a tender age may have also impressed upon him the